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Kwikfit4u Whole Body Vibration : Scientific Studies and Research – Vibration Platforms

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Research Studies
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Research Studies
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Scientific research on the effects of vibration platforms has been conducted all over the world. Resulting publications in leading medical research journals suggests that people with debilitating conditions such as osteoporosis, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s Disease, and stroke victims may yield the benefit of exercise while working within their personal limitations and minimizing stress on the joints and ligaments.

Study: Vibration plate machines may aid weight loss and trim abdominal fat

Amsterdam, the Netherlands: New research suggests that, if used properly, vibration plate exercise machines may help you lose weight and trim the particularly harmful belly fat between the organs.

In a study presented on Friday at the European Congress on Obesity, scientists found that overweight or obese people who regularly used the equipment in combination with a calorie restricted diet were more successful at long-term weight loss and shedding the fat around their abdominal organs than those who combined dieting with a more conventional fitness routine.

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Kawanabe K, Kawashima A, Sashimoto I, Takeda T, Sato Y, Iwamoto J.:

“Effect of whole-body vibration exercise and muscle strengthening, balance, and walking exercises on walking ability in the elderly”


Keio J Med. 2007 Mar;56(1):28-33,
PMID 17392595

Conclusion:
“After the 2-month exercise program, the walking speed, step length, and the maximum standing time on one leg were significantly improved in the WBV exercise plus routine exercises group, while no significant changes in these parameters were observed in the routine exercises alone group. Thus, the present study showed the beneficial effect of WBV exercise in addition to muscle strengthening, balance, and walking exercises in improving the walking ability in the elderly. WBV exercise was safe and well tolerated in the elderly.”


Totosy de Zepetnek JO, Giangregorio LM, Craven BC. Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. jtotosy@uwaterloo.ca

“Whole-body vibration as potential intervention for people with low bone mineral density and osteoporosis: a review”


PMID 19882487

Conclusion:
“The results of this study suggest that articular cartilage thickness is sensitive to unloading and that vibration training may be a potent countermeasure against these effects. The sensitivity of cartilage to physical training is of high relevance for training methods in space flight, elite and sport and rehabilitation after illness or injury.”


Furness TP, Maschette WE. Australian Catholic University, Centre of Physical Activity Across the Lifespan, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia. trentham.furness@acu.edu.au

“Influence of whole body vibration platform frequency on neuromuscular performance of community-dwelling older adults”


PMID 19620913

Conclusion:
“The purpose of this study was to progressively overload vibration platform frequency to describe sea-saw whole body vibration influence on neuromuscular performance of community-dwelling older adults. It was concluded that progressively overloaded frequency was effective in improving quantifiable measures of neuromuscular performance in the sample and that practitioners may confidently prescribe 3 whole body vibration sessions per week with more precise knowledge of the effects of whole body vibration on neuromuscular performance and health-related quality-of-life effects.”


Machado A, García-López D, González-Gallego J, Garatachea N. Institute of Biomedicine, University of León, Campus Universitario, León, Spain.

“Whole-body vibration training increases muscle strength and mass in older women: a randomized-controlled trial”

PMID 19422657

Conclusion:
“Ten weeks of lower limb WBV training in older women produces a significant increase in muscle strength induced by thigh muscle hypertrophy, with no change in muscle power. The adaptations to WBV found in the present study may be of use in counteracting the loss of muscle strength and mobility associated with age-induced sarcopenia.”


Fjeldstad C, Palmer IJ, Bemben MG, Bemben DA. Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, 73019, United States.

“Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women”

PMID 19386449

Conclusion:
“Age-related changes in body composition are well-documented with a decrease in lean body mass and a redistribution of body fat generally observed. CONCLUSION: In older women, resistance training alone and with whole-body vibration resulted in positive body composition changes by increasing lean tissue. However, only the combination of resistance training and whole-body vibration was effective for decreasing percent body fat.”


Bosco C, Cardinale M, Tsarpela O.: Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol.

“Influence of vibration on mechanical power and electromyogram activity in human arm flexor muscles”

1999 Mar;79(4):306-11,
PMID 10090628

Conclusion:
“The analysis of EMGrms recorded before the treatment and during the treatment itself showed an enormous increase in neural activity during vibration up to more than twice the baseline values. This would indicate that this type of treatment is able to stimulate the neuromuscular system more than other treatments used to improve neuromuscular properties.”

 


Wilcock IM, Whatman C, Harris N, Keogh JW. Faculty of Health and Environmental Science, Institute of Sport and Recreation Research New Zealand, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand. ianwil@xtra.co.nz

“Vibration training: could it enhance the strength, power, or speed of athletes?”

 

Conclusion:
“Vibration causes an increase in the g-forces acting on the muscles, increasing the loading parameters of any exercise”


Jordan MJ, Norris SR, Smith DJ, Herzog W. Canadian Sport Centre-Calgary, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada. mjordan@ucalgary.ca

“Vibration training: an overview of the area, training consequences, and future considerations”

 

Conclusion:
“NB: US Olympic Skiers and Snowboarders using WBV for warm-ups on hill before events
Exposure to whole-body vibration has also resulted in a significant improvement in power output in the post-vibratory period and has been demonstrated to induce significant changes
in the resting hormonal profiles of men. In addition to the potential training effects of vibration, the improvement in power output that is observed in the post-vibratory period may also lead to better warm-up protocols for athletes competing in sporting events that require high amounts of power output.”


Davis R, Sanborn C, Nichols D, Bazett-Jones DM, Dugan EL. Kinesiology Department at Texas Woman’s University in Denton, TX.

“The effects of whole body vibration on bone mineral density for a person with a spinal cord injury: a case study”

 

Conclusion:
“Bone mineral density (BMD) loss is a medical concern for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Concerns related to osteoporosis have lead researchers to use various interventions to address BMD loss within this population. Whole body vibration (WBV) has been reported to improve BMD for postmenopausal women and suggested for SCI. The purpose of this case study was to identify the effects of WBV on BMD for an individual with SCI. There were three progressive phases (standing only, partial standing, and combined stand with vibration), each lasting 10 weeks. Using the least significant change calculation, significant positive changes in BMD were reported at the trunk (0.46 g/cm(2)) and spine (.093 g/cm(2)) for phase 3 only. Increases in leg lean tissue mass and reduction in total body fat were noted in all three phases.”


Merriman H, Jackson K. DPT Program, Department of Health < Sport Science, University of Dayton, 300 College Park, Dayton, Ohio 45469-2925, USA. merriman@udayton.edu

“The effects of whole-body vibration training in aging adults: a systematic review”

 

Conclusion:
“Some but not all of the studies in this review reported similar improvements in muscle performance, balance, and functional mobility with WBV as compared to traditional exercise programs. Bone studies consistently showed that WBV improved bone density in the hip and tibia…”


Rittweger J.: Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center, Linder Höhe 1, Köln, 51147, Germany, joern.rittweger@dlr.de

“Vibration as an exercise modality: how it may work, and what its potential might be”

Rittweger J. 2009 Dec 12.,
PMID 20012646

Conclusion:
“Evidence suggests that acute vibration exercise seems to elicit a specific warm-up effect, and that vibration training seems to improve muscle power, although
the potential benefits over traditional forms of resistive exercise are still unclear. Vibration training also seems to improve balance in sub-populations prone to fall, such as frail elderly people. Moreover, literature suggests that vibration is beneficial to reduce chronic lower back pain and other types of pain. Other future indications are perceivable.”


Rittweger J, Schiessl H, Felsenberg D.:

“Oxygen uptake during whole-body vibration exercise: comparison with squatting as a slow voluntary movements”

Eur J Appl Physiol. 2001 Dec;86(2):169-73,
PMID 11822476

Conclusion:
“It is concluded that the increased metabolic power observed in association with VbX is due to muscular activity. It is likely that this muscular activity is easier to control between individuals than is simple squatting.”


Mahieu NN, Witvrouw E, Van de Voorde D, Michilsens D, Arbyn V, Van den Broecke W.:

“Improving strength and postural control in young skiers: whole-body vibration versus equivalent resistance training”

J Athl Train. 2006 Jul-Sep;41(3):286-93,
PMID 17043697

Conclusion:
“A strength training program that includes WBV appears to have additive effects in young skiers compared with an equivalent program that does not include WBV.
Therefore, our findings support the hypothesis that WBV training may be a beneficial supplementary training technique in strength programs for young athletes.”


Rittweger J, Ehrig J, Just K, Mutschelknauss M, Kirsch KA, Felsenberg D.:

“Oxygen uptake in whole-body vibration exercise: influence of vibration frequency, amplitude, and external load”

Int J Sports Med. 2002 Aug;23(6):428-32,
PMID 12215962

Conclusion:
“The present findings indicate that metabolic power in whole-body VbX can be parametrically controlled by frequency and amplitude, and by application of additional loads. These results further substantiate the view that VbX enhances muscular metabolic power, and thus muscle activity.”


Delecluse C, Roelants M, Verschueren S.:

“Strength increase after whole-body vibration compared with resistance training”

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Jun;35(6):1033-41,
PMID 12783053

Conclusion:
“WBV, and the reflexive muscle contraction it provokes, has the potential to induce strength gain in knee extensors of previously untrained females to the same extent as resistance training at moderate intensity. It was clearly shown that strength increases after WBV training are not attributable to a placebo effect.”


Bosco C, Iacovelli M, Tsarpela O, Cardinale M, Bonifazi M, Tihanyi J, Viru M, De Lorenzo A, Viru A.:

“Hormonal responses to whole-body vibration in men”

Eur J Appl Physiol. 2000 Apr;81(6):449-54,
PMID 10774867

Conclusion:
“In conclusion, it is suggested that WBV influences proprioceptive feedback mechanisms and specific neural components, leading to an improvement of neuromuscular performance.”


Kerschan-Schindl K, Grampp S, Henk C, Resch H, Preisinger E, Fialka-Moser V, Imhof H.:

“Whole-body vibration exercise leads to alterations in muscle blood volume”

Clin Physiol. 2001 May;21(3):377-82,
PMID 11380538

Conclusion:
“Power Doppler indices indicative of muscular blood circulation in the calf and thigh significantly increased after exercise. The mean blood flow velocity in the popliteal artery increased from 6.5 to 13.0 cm x s(-1) and its resistive index was significantly reduced.”


Lohman EB 3rd, Petrofsky JS, Maloney-Hinds C, Betts-Schwab H, Thorpe D.:

“The effect of whole body vibration on lower extremity skin blood flow in normal subjects”

Med Sci Monit. 2007 Feb;13(2):CR71-6,
PMID 17261985

Conclusion:
“The study findings suggest that short duration vibration alone significantly increases Skin Blood Flow; doubling mean SBF for a minimum of 10 minutes following intervention. The emerging therapeutic modality of WBV as a passive intervention appears to increase SBF in individuals with healthy microcirculation.”


Stewart JM, Karman C, Montgomery LD, McLeod KJ.:

“Plantar vibration improves leg fluid flow in perimenopausal women”

Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2005 Mar;288(3):R623-9. Epub 2004 Oct 7,
PMID 15472009

Conclusion:
“The results suggest that plantar vibration serves to significantly enhance peripheral and systemic blood flow, peripheral lymphatic flow, and venous drainage, which may account for the apparent ability of such stimuli to influence bone mass.”


Verschueren SM, Roelants M, Delecluse C, Swinnen S, Vanderschueren D, Boonen S.:

“Effect of 6-month whole body vibration training on hip density, muscle strength, and postural control in postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled pilot study”

J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Mar;19(3):352-9. Epub 2003 Dec 22,
PMID 15040822

Conclusion:
“These findings suggest that WBV training may be a feasible and effective way to modify well-recognized risk factors for falls and fractures in older women and support the need for further human studies.”


Cochrane D.J., Stannard S.R.:

“Acute whole body vibration training increases vertical jump and flexibility performance in elite female field hockey players”

British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2005, Vol. 39, S. 860-865,
PMID 16244199

Conclusion:
“Acute WBV causes neural potentiation of the stretch reflex loop as shown by the improved ACMVJ and flexibility performance. Additionally, muscle groups less
proportionally exposed to vibration do not exhibit physiological changes that potentiate muscular performance.”


Rubin C, Recker R, Cullen D, Ryaby J, McCabe J, McLeod K.:

“Prevention of postmenopausal bone loss by a low-magnitude, high-frequency mechanical stimuli: a clinical trial assessing compliance, efficacy, and safety”

J Bone Miner Res. 2004 Mar;19(3):343-51. Epub 2003 Dec 22,
PMID 15040821

Conclusion:
“This non-pharmacologic approach represents a physiologically based means of inhibiting the decline in BMD that follows menopause, perhaps most effectively in the spine of lighter women who are in the greatest need of intervention.”


Blottner D., Salanova M., Püttmann B., Schiffl G., Felsenberg D., Buehring B., Rittweger J.:

“Human skeletal muscle structure and function preserved by vibration muscle exercise following 55 days of bed rest”

Eur J. Appl Physiol. 2006, Vol. 97, S. 261-271,
PMID 16568340

Conclusion:
“Daily short RVE should be employed as an effective atrophy countermeasure co-protocol preferentially addressing postural calf muscles during prolonged clinical
immobilization or long-term human space missions.”


Bautmans I, Van Hees E, Lemper JC, Mets T.:

“The feasibility of Whole Body Vibration in institutionalised elderly persons and its influence on muscle performance, balance and mobility: a randomised controlled trial”

BMC Geriatr. 2005 Dec 22;5:17,
PMID 16372905

Conclusion:
“In nursing home residents with limited functional dependency, six weeks static WBV exercise is feasible, and is beneficial for balance and mobility.”


Bogaerts A, Verschueren S, Delecluse C, Claessens AL, Boonen S.:

“Effects of whole body vibration training on postural control in older individuals: a 1 year randomized controlled trial”

Gait Posture. 2007 Jul;26(2):309-16. Epub 2006 Oct 30,
PMID 17074485

Conclusion:
“Whole body vibration training was associated with reduced falls frequency on a moving platform when vision was disturbed and improvements in the response to toes down rotations at the ankle induced by the moving platform… Thus, whole body vibration training may improve some aspects of postural control in community dwelling older individuals.”


Rittweger J, Just K, Kautzsch K, Reeg P, Felsenberg D.:

“Treatment of chronic lower back pain with lumbar extension and whole-body vibration exercise: a randomized controlled trial”

Institut für Physiologie, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany. ritmus@zedat.fu-berlin.de,
PMID 12221343

Conclusion:
“The current data indicate that poor lumbar muscle force probably is not the exclusive cause of chronic lower back pain. Different types of exercise therapy tend to yield comparable results. Interestingly, well-controlled vibration may be the cure rather than the cause of lower back pain.”


Bruyere O, Wuidart MA, Di Palma E, Gourlay M, Ethgen O, Richy F, Reginster JY.:

“Controlled whole body vibration to decrease fall risk and improve health-related quality of life of nursing home residents”

Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005 Feb;86(2):303-7,
PMID 15706558

Conclusion:
“Controlled whole body vibration can improve elements of fall risk and HRQOL in elderly patients.”


Sands WA, McNeal JR, Stone MH, Russell EM, Jemni M.:

“Flexibility enhancement with vibration: Acute and long-term”

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006 Apr;38(4):720-5,
PMID 16679989

Conclusion:
“This study showed that vibration can be a promising means of increasing range of motion beyond that obtained with static stretching in highly trained male gymnasts.”


Gusi N, Raimundo A, Leal A.:

“Low-frequency vibratory exercise reduces the risk of bone fracture more than walking: a randomized controlled trial”

Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain. ngusi@unex.es,
PMID 17137514

Conclusion:
“The 8-month course of vibratory exercise using a reciprocating plate is feasible and is more effective than walking to improve two major determinants of bone fractures: hip BMD and balance.”

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